The goal of the program. Development of the means for near-Earth and deep space observations. Development of the Space Situational Awareness (SSA) system to monitor the situation in the NES and beyond, identify and predict situations that pose a threat to the operation of spacecraft.

Problems that the program aims to solve. The program is mainly aimed at solving the problems of NES safe usage, orbital objects near-miss events (primarily, for Kazakhstani satellites), asteroid hazard, space weather monitoring, and tracking of space debris fragments.

The main approaches to the research. In the implementation of the program, a systematic approach will be applied aimed at solving the tasks necessary to achieve the goal of the Program, namely:
1) a wide-angle optical system with the field of view of 3.8°×2.5° will be developed for monitoring and survey observations of the NES;
2) for spectral observations of extremely weak objects exhibiting fast spectral variability, a prototype spectrograph based on volume phase holographic gratings (VPHG) equipped with a CCD-camera with signal amplification (EMCCD) will be created;
3) the spectrograph will be used at the 1.5-m telescope of the Assy-Turgen Observatory (FAI) for follow-up observations and studies of deep and near-Earth space objects;
4) for the development of Kazakhstani segment of space weather monitoring and forecasting, a prototype system of alert signaling about dangerous radiation in spacecraft orbits will be developed;
5) a digital environment will be developed to provide centralized and coordinated control and interaction of all devices included in the space situational awareness system.

Expected results:
1) methods and technologies for the monitoring of near-Earth space objects;
2) new data from optical observations of space objects with active energy release, obtained using the upgraded optical facility;
3) VPHG-based spectrograph and methodology for its effective application; 4) hardware and software tools for near- and deep-space exploration: high-performance computing, Big Data, computer simulations, CUDA technology;
5) methods of diagnostics and forecasting of space weather;
6) dissemination of results and publications in peer-reviewed scientific journals in accordance with the requirements of the competition documentation.
As a result, we will have a system for space situational awareness, which will contribute to the maintenance and growth of competencies in researching and monitoring the situation in the NES and beyond.